CISSR proudly welcomes the newest members of our scholarly community. New awards to faculty in Anthropology, Sociology, Political Science, and the Harris School of Public Policy facilitate innovative social science research in more than a dozen countries.
The 2018-19 cohort of fellows engages new questions about inherently transnational processes, spanning topics like: Mexico’s often overlooked French heritage, capital flows through global markets, the relationship between prison gangs and nearby slum communities, the relevance of road networks for state capacity and citizenship, and the complexities of transitioning from authoritarianism to meaningful democracy.
Through competitive renewal awards, projects by 2017-18 Fellows Boaz Keysar (Psychology), Alan Kolata (Anthropology) and Sabina Shaikh (Social Science Collegiate Division and Harris School), and Michael Albertus (Political Science) will continue to receive CISSR support into new phases of their work -- extensions that involve topical shifts, expanding geographic scope, and new plans for the publication and dissemination of findings.
This year, the CISSR board responded to an unmet need by developing a new funding mechanism: CISSR Monograph Enhancement Awards. Awarded on a competitive basis and assessed on a rolling deadline, these small awards can be used to offset a variety of costs that are often essential to the timely completion of highest quality book manuscripts -- obligatory press subsidies, open-access subvention fees, translations, indexing, permissions, cartographic services, specialty typesetting, etc.
Our first Monograph Enhancement Award recipients are Kazuo Yamaguchi (Sociology) and Angie Heo (Divinity School). CISSR support will facilitate a Japanese to English translation of Professor Yamaguchi’s award-winning book Gender Inequality in the Japanese Workplace. Professor Heo’s forthcoming book The Political Lives of Saints: Christian-Muslim Mediation in Egypt will now include proprietary maps and professional Arabic transliteration services.
2018-2019 Faculty Fellows
Kimberly Kay Hoang (Sociology)
The Relationship Between Licit and Illicit Global Capital Flows: Ethnography, Economy, and Law
In Playing in the Gray: Foreign Investment in Frontier Markets, Kimberly Kay Hoang traces the flow of capital from offshore funds in places like the Cayman Islands to holding companies in Singapore or Hong Kong and finally to investments in places like Vietnam and Myanmar. The planned book looks at how investors capitalize on frontier markets -- where rule of law is absent, regulations can quickly change, government intervention is high, and corruption is rife to explain why and how investors ‘play in the gray.’
Benjamin Lessing (Political Science)
Inside Out: Prison Gangs’ Criminal Governance as a Threat to State Authority
From El Salvador to Chicago, prison gangs have learned to project power beyond prison walls in ways that pose a serious challenge to state authority and that call into question mass incarceration policies. Benjamin Lessing will visit multiple field sites in Brazil to witness the ongoing expansion of sophisticated Brazilian prison gangs and document the impact gang governance has on local residents.
Monika Nalepa (Political Science)
Transitional Justice and the Quality of Democratic Representation
When authoritarian regimes known for systematic human rights violations transition to democracies, citizens and politicians in the new regimes reckon with those violations in different ways. Using original data on every truth commission, act of lustration, and purge of former authoritarian elites since 1946, Monika Nalepa has developed stronger measures of transitional justice strategies than are currently available to assess the effects of these different strategies on the quality of democratic representation.
Francois Richard (Anthropology)
Politics of the Past & Material Expressions of Frenchness in the Municipio of San Rafael, Veracruz, Mexico
What does it mean to be French? As many ponder this question in contemporary France, Francois Richard is embarking on an ambitious study of the objects, architectures, and landscapes created by communities of French farmers that settled in the coastal Mexican state of Veracruz during the 1800s, uncovering valuable lessons about French identity, nation, and multiculturalism in the process.
James Robinson (Harris School of Public Policy)
State Formation and Popular Contention
Understanding the process of building state capacity is an essential question in social science, and James Robinson tackles this question by studying the relationship between state and society in Colombia, where the expansion of the road network and the introduction of new constitutional rights has affected the very nature of the country’s political process by changing ways citizens coordinate to make claims on the state.
Michael Albertus (Political Science)
Land Reform and Long-Term Development
Michael Albertus’ ongoing project examines the implications of land reform for multiple developmental outcomes such as the provision of public education, the political integration of historically marginalized social groups, and civil conflict. The project is one of the most detailed empirical examinations of land reform’s impact on development to date, and preliminary evidence from Peru suggests that land reform’s effects are conditional, depending on the scope and execution of reforms.
Boaz Keysar (Psychology)
Using Language to Promote Sustainable Consumption
People are reluctant to use certain products that could mitigate water and food scarcity in the future like recycled wastewater and insect-based food because they are considered disgusting. Building on previous work, Boaz Keysar will evaluate whether presenting such aversive products in a non-native language can nudge people into consuming more of them by reducing emotions such as disgust. Together with his lab team, they will seek both behavioral and physiological evidence for the hypothesis. They will test this hypothesis with participants from China, Israel, and Italy.
Alan Kolata (Anthropology) & Sabina Shaikh (Social Sciences Collegiate Division and Harris School of Public Policy)
Economic, Social, and Environmental Drivers of Rural to Urban Migration in the Lower Mekong River Basin of Cambodia
Over the past thirty years, economic growth, demographic recovery, and environmental changes have fueled rural migration into the cities of Cambodia. Alan Kolata and Sabina Shaikh are expanding their data collection in the Mekong River Basin to analyze the effects of migration on the viability of traditional rural livelihoods and model the interpenetrating economic, social, and environmental drivers of migration from villages to urban centers like Phnom Penh.
Monograph Enhancement Awards
Angie Heo (Divinity School)
The Political Lives of Saints: Christian-Muslim Mediation in Egypt
The Political Lives of Saints is the first empirically-grounded study of Christian-Muslim relations in Egypt covering the 2011 Arab Spring and the 2013 military coup. Angie Heo uses nearly three years of fieldwork to analyze everyday religious practices in Egypt’s Coptic Christian communities. The book also examines how Christian and Muslim imaginaries of divine authority mobilize displays of national unity while also reinforcing sectarian dynamics of marginalization and violence. The book will be published by the University of California Press.
Kazuo Yamaguchi (Sociology)
Gender Inequality in the Japanese Workplace: Theory and Empirical Analysis
Kazuo Yamaguchi’s book, Gender Inequality in the Japanese Workplace was awarded the 2017 Nikkei Prize for Excellent Books in Economic Science in Japan, given annually to a few books. The book offers a comprehensive analysis of employee data and employer personnel policy data that account for the wage gap, gap in promotion to managerial positions, professional job segregation, and inequality in labor productivity experienced by employed Japanese women. In addition to reviewing theories of gender inequality developed in the US and Europe, the book’s analysis has important implications for policies aiming to eliminate gender inequality in Japan. It will be published in English by Springer.